Botswana Nature

Birding Botswana

For safari enthusiasts Botswana, the land of the delta in the desert, needs no introduction. With more land set aside for wildlife, as a proportion of the total area of the country (17%), than any other in Africa, Botswana does the luxury fly-in safari better than just about any other country in Southern Africa. From the rich waterways of the Okavango Delta, the largest inland delta in the world, to the desolate Kalahari and the primeval sandstone and Baobab country in the Northern Tuli region, Botswana will be the highlight in the travels of any wildlife enthusiast. In terms of birds Botswana is not rich in endemics, but does have a large bird list which includes some spectacular species. Botswana comes into its own as a general wildlife destination however, combining birds with jaw-dropping wildlife viewing and vast areas of true wilderness. The dry season (May to October) is the traditional game viewing time of the year, while the wet ‘green’ season is when birding is at its peak and usually comes with a reduction in lodge rates. Most visitors do a fly-in safari, as getting around by road in the wilderness areas can be difficult. Mobile safari operators offer another option, while regional multi-country tours incorporating parts of Botswana are also popular. Contributor: Leon Marais/Lawson’s Birding, Wildlife and Custom Safaris.

What to See in Botswana


Notable Birds in Botswana (click species name to see related articles)


Notable Mammals and Other Wildlife

Lion, African Elephant, African Buffalo, Leopard, Spotted Hyena, Brown Hyena, Cheetah, African Wild Dog, Oryx / Gemsbok, South African Giraffe, Eland, Bat-eared Fox


Other Attractions

Botswana doesn’t have many attractions per se, but it's worth mentioning Bain’s Baobabs, the Makgadikgadi Salt Pans, Rhode’s Baobab, Tsodilo Hills and the Savuti Channel.


Where and When to Go


Nature & Birding Hotspots in Botswana

  • The Okavango Panhandle and Delta
  • Greater Chobe River
  • Moremi Game Reserve
  • Savuti
  • Linyanti
  • The Kagalagadi Transfrontier Park
  • Northern Tuli Game Reserve
  • Central Kalahari Game Reserve


Botswana Birding and Nature Tours

Botswana Ecolodges/Accommodations

Best ecolodges: Mashatu Game Lodge, Tuli Safari Lodge, the Kwando Camps in the Linyanti, Okavango and Nxai Pan regions, the many different Wilderness Safaris lodges etc (there’s no shortage of lodge accommodation in Botswana!).

Zarafa Camp.


Best Time to Go

The dry season (May to October) is the traditional game viewing time of the year, while the wet ‘green’ season is when birding is at its peak and usually comes with a reduction in lodge rates.