Papua New Guinea Nature

Birding Papua New Guinea

Literally half of New Guinea’s birds are found nowhere else – 399 endemics lurk on this huge, tropical island. Most birders visit the eastern half of this island, the country of Papua New Guinea, but West Papua (which is part of Indonesia) is equally good. This is Bird of Paradise country, and, to put it plainly, the MOST spectacular birds on the planet lurk here. Blue Bird-of-Paradise and Ribbon-tailed Astrapia are two desirables found only in Papua New Guinea – although it’s always a difficult choice which side of this “island continent” to visit because West Papua boasts equally impressive endemic birds-of-paradise such as Wilson’s. Tapping into local knowledge is essential for getting good views of all the weird and wonderful birds-of-paradise, as only a handful of people know the whereabouts of the traditional display sites of these birds. Without these, it is tough to even get glimpses of these wondrous but elusive birds.

Other spectacular birds that can be seen in the highlands, lowlands and smaller offshore islands of Papua New Guinea are jewel-babblers, paradise kingfishers, bowerbirds including the shining bright Flame Bowerbird, honeyeaters, massive Southern Crowned Pigeon and impressive Palm Cockatoo, to name but a few.

Apart from it being a no-brainer that every birder needs to visit New Guinea, this poorly explored yet staggeringly bio-diverse island has a lot more to entertain the world traveler than just its amazing birds. Papua New Guinea also has a very large count of endemic marsupial mammals such as Tree Kangaroos and Long-beaked Echidna, plus it boasts some of the planet’s best diving. And, Papua New Guinea is one of the world’s most culturally diverse nations, with 848 described languages! Contributor: Chris Lotz/Birding Ecotours.

What to See in Papua New Guinea


Notable Birds in Papua New Guinea (click species name to see related articles)

  • Blue Bird-of-Paradise
  • Blyth's Hornbill
  • Collared Imperial Pigeon
  • Crested Bird-of-Paradise
  • Flame Bowerbird
  • Goldie's Bird-of-Paradise
  • Greater Melampitta
  • Hooded Pitta
  • King Bird-of-Paradise
  • King-of-Saxony Bird-of-Paradise
  • MacGregor's Bird-of-Paradise
  • Magnificent Bird-of-Paradise
  • Magnificent Riflebird
  • Mountain Owlet-Nightjar
  • New Guinea Babbler
  • Obscure Berrypecker
  • Pale-billed Sicklebill
  • Papuan Boobook
  • Papuan Frogmouth
  • Papuan Whipbird
  • Ribbon-tailed Astrapia
  • Shovel-billed Kookaburra
  • Splendid Astrapia
  • Superb Bird-of-Paradise
  • Twelve-wired Bird-of-Paradise
  • White-bellied Thicket-Fantail
  • Yellow-breasted Bird-of-Paradise


Notable Mammals and Other Wildlife

Papua New Guinea has a high number of endemic species and is often referred to as a 'mega hotspot' for biodiversity! A few endemic species seen are the Huon Tree Kangaroo, Papuan Forest Wallaby, Bulmers Fruit Bat, Giant Bandicoot, Painted Ringtail and Bismark Flying Fox! There is also a rich diversity of endemic frogs ,reptiles and freshwater fish and is home to the worlds largest butterfly, Queen Alexandra's Birdwing!


Other Attractions


Where and When to Go


Nature & Birding Hotspots in Papua New Guinea


Papua New Guinea Birding and Nature Tours

Check out the endemic Birds of Paradise with Papua New Guinea Bird watching Tourism!

Birding tourswith Rockjumper

Papua New Guinea local tours and lodges- a birders paradise


Papua New Guinea Ecolodges/Accommodations


Best Time to Go


Visit Papua New Guinea


Resources