Anguilla Nature

Birding Anguilla

“Tranquility Wrapped in Blue” perfectly describes the Caribbean island of Anguilla (pron. an-GWILL-uh). The northernmost of the Lesser Antilles, this 35-square-mile British territory is often considered a playground to the stars, where private jets and yachts sometimes outnumber automobiles. But look past the glitterati, and you’ll find 33 pristine, sparkling, white-sand beaches and an abundance of excellent birding. This little, neatly wrapped package hides a wealth of biodiversity. Anguilla’s offshore cays are a mecca for nesting seabirds, with 16 different species present during the breeding season, including the Red-billed Tropicbird and Sooty Tern. Four of these cays have been designated Important Bird Areas (IBAs) by Birdlife International. Other tiny-island wildlife includes the endemic Sombrero Ground Lizard. Anguilla’s main island is dotted with more than 20 salt ponds, which were once the center of a thriving salt industry, dating back to the Arawak Indians. Today, they provide critical habitat for resident and migratory waterbirds. Eleven of these ponds have been designated as IBAs, with large colonies of Least Tern and other seabirds, plus abundant shorebirds, like the Semipalmated Sandpiper. The Anguilla bird list reaches 139 species (not bad for an island of only 35 mi2  [220ha]!), including 5 Lesser Antillean regional endemics: Lesser Antillean Bullfinch, Pearly-eyed Thrasher, Caribbean Elaenia, Antillean-crested Hummingbird, and Green-throated Carib. The Zenaida Dove, once hunted for food, thrives today and is Anguilla’s national bird. In addition to the island’s avifauna, five marine parks support several turtle species, colorful reef fish and corals, sharks, and migrating cetaceans. Many of the island’s beaches provide nesting habitat for endangered sea turtles. Include Anguilla in your Caribbean vacation for the perfect mix of beautiful beaches and Antillean wildlife diversity. Contributor: Jackie Cestero/Nature Explorers Anguilla.

What to See in Anguilla


Notable Birds in Anguilla (click species name to see related articles)

  • Antillean Crested Hummingbird
  • Caribbean Elaenia
  • Green-throated Carib
  • Least Tern
  • Lesser Antillean Bullfinch
  • Pearly-eyed thrasher
  • Red-billed Tropicbird
  • Semipalmated Sandpiper
  • Sooty Tern
  • Zenaida Dove


Notable Mammals and Other Wildlife


Other Attractions


Where and When to Go


Nature & Birding Hotspots in Anguilla

Two sites are listed on the Caribbean Birding Trail: Dog Island and Long Pond.


Anguilla Birding and Nature Tours

Contact Nature Explorers Anguilla for guided nature tours of Anguilla and the offshore cays.


Anguilla Ecolodges/Accommodations

Contact Nature Explorers Anguilla for tips on the best lodging.


Best Time to Go

Like many Caribbean island, most birders will want to visit Anguilla between November and April, when the North America migrants are present. Contact Nature Explorers Anguilla for additional tips on the best birding seasons.


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