Map of Destinations for South America

Birding South America

The staggering immensity and biodiversity of the Amazon basin, the heartbeat of northern South America, provides lifetimes of opportunity for exploring birds and nature in rugged wilderness. Ecotourism has firmly taken root here and travelers can develop self-guided tours or take one of hundreds of nature tours available.  The habitats in South America range from rainforests and cloud forests, deserts, grasslands, thornscrub, rivers, all the way to the glaciers of Patagonia.

Almost a third of the world's birds (+/- 3,000 species) are found in South America, which includes some of the most colorful and striking beauties in the world—hummingbirds, cotingas, tanagers, and macaws. Other notable families include potoos, screamers, Capuchinbirds, oilbirds, and the amazing cocks-of-the-rock. Classic sites in South America include Brazil's Pantanal, the right and left slope of the Andes, Manu National Park (Peru), the Santa Marta endemic regions in Colombia, and Argetina's Tierra del Fuego. Don't forget the Galapagos, an ecologically brilliant chain of islands five hours off the coast of Ecuador.

 

Birding Destinations in South America

Argentina

Argentina

Though Argentina is almost entirely within temperate latitudes, it nevertheless boasts an impressive bird list of 1,031 species. Among the most sought-after birds are 19 endemics and five breeding endemics.
Brazil

Brazil

Brazil is larger than all of the Lower 48 United States and contains almost double the number of species within its borders. 1,850 birds, including a whopping 265 endemic species, are found across diverse, and often still wild, habitats.
Chile

Chile

Chile, which stretches 2,670 miles north-south but only 217 miles east-west, crams startling diversity into its long, narrow borders. With spectacular Andean scenery, friendly people, and brilliant infrastructure, Chile is one of the most pleasant South American countries to visit.
Colombia

Colombia

Colombia holds more bird species than any other nation on earth.  With 1,933 species, including 94 endemic species, found within Colombia's borders, this is a country well worth exploring for birds, wildlife, and scenic views.
Ecuador

Ecuador

For its size, Ecuador is the most bird-diverse country on Earth, hosting a staggering 1,680 species in an area the size of Nevada. This means one can explore a huge diversity of habitats and a massive number of birds in a short space of time without covering very long distances.
Peru

Peru

Diversity rules in Peru, with more than 1,982 bird species and 106 endemics, and the country owes its exceptional diversity to the Andes Mountains.  If you are keen for endemics, don’t miss the northern Peruvian Andes; with 63 endemics, this area is the richest endemic bird area in the world, with prizes such as White-winged Guan and Marañon Crescentchest.
Guyana

Guyana

A small nation on the northeastern coast of South America, Guyana is largely carpeted in pristine rainforest with an eye toward developing eco-friendly tourism. With 794 bird species available in a relatively small area, it is becoming a preferred birding destination in the region.
Bolivia

Bolivia

In spite of being one of only two land-locked countries in South America, Bolivia boasts a respectable 1,429 species of birds, 21 of which are endemic. Bolivia manages this impressive number due to a great diversity of habitats, from the windswept highlands of the Andes to the lowland wilderness of the Amazon Basin, the richest biome on earth for birds.