Argentina Nature

Birding Argentina

Though Argentina is almost entirely within temperate latitudes, it nevertheless boasts an impressive bird list of 1,031 species. Among these are 19 endemics (such as Rothschild’s Swift, Patagonian Canastero, Steinbach’s Canastero, Sandy Gallito, Rufous-throated Dipper and the others), and an additional five breeding endemics. From the stunningly impressive high Andes of Argentina, which represent some of the world’s most striking landscapes, southwards to the windswept steppes of Patagonia, and eastwards to one of the world’s most beautiful waterfalls in Iguazu, Argentina is a superbly scenic country to bird in.

As the world’s eighth largest nation, the mainland being just over a third the size of the Lower 48, Argentina’s respectable bird diversity is supported by a wide range of varied habitats. Bird-rich subtropical forests are conveniently located around Iguazu Falls while Strange-tailed Tyrant and other quality birds can be sought in the dry forests/chaco/thorn scrub (often with Mesquite bushes) in the north of the country. The stately Magellanic Woodpecker inhabits Southern Beech (Nothofagus) forests along the Andes, also crossing the border into Chile. Rheas can be seen on the vast, fertile Pampas grasslands of the central eastern regions, while the arid, cold Patagonia, lying in the rainshadow of the imposing Andes, hosts the Critically Endangered Hooded Grebe (probably fewer than 1,200 individuals and declining), which inhabits basaltic lakes in extreme southwestern Argentina. And, of course then there are the Puna and Andean habitats which support three flamingo species among other stellar birds. Contributed by Chris Lotz/Birding Ecotours.

What to See in Argentina


Notable Birds in Argentina (click species name to see related articles)

  • Rothschild’s Swift
  • Rufous-throated Dipper
  • Rusty-backed Monjita (1)
  • Salinas Monjita
  • Sandy Gallito (1)
  • Steinbach’s Canastero
  • Tucuman Mountain Finch
  • White-browed Tapaculo
  • White-throated Chacholote
  • Yellow-striped Brush Finch


Notable Mammals and Other Wildlife

  • South American Gray Fox
  • South American Sea Lion
  • Southern Elephant Seal
  • Guanaco
  • Patagonian Mara
  • Southern Mountain Cavy


Other Attractions

  • Cueva de las Manos
  • Iguazú National Park
  • Ischigualasto Provincial Park
  • Talampaya National Park
  • Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis


Where and When to Go


Nature & Birding Hotspots in Argentina




Best Time to Go

Most tours run during the austral Spring and Summer, October through March.


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