São Tomé and Príncipe Nature

Birding São Tomé and Príncipe

The seldom-visited islands of São Tomé & Príncipe are tucked away in the Gulf of Guinea, 180 miles off the African coastline to the west of Gabon. They form an independent Portuguese-speaking country which, since their independence in 1975, have remained stable and peaceful. Lying on the equator, both islands support lush rainforest and this is where the endemic birds occur. The total human population is less than 200,000 with Príncipe having fewer than 10,000.

Amongst dramatic scenery, during our off-the-beaten-track tour here it is common to search for 28 endemic birds, including some heart-stoppers such as São Tomé (Dwarf Olive) Ibis, Giant Sunbird, Giant Weaver, the enigmatic São Tomé Fiscal, Dohrn's Thrush-Babbler and 2 species of strange speirops.  These and 112 other bird species are but a few highlights of birding in this exciting but forgotten corner of Africa. Contributor: Rockjumper Birding Tours.

Key target species include: White-tailed Tropicbird, São Tomé Ibis(e), São Tomé Olive Pigeon(e), Island Bronze-naped Pigeon(e), São Tomé Green Pigeon(e), Timneh Parrot, (São Tomé) Barn Owl, São Tomé Scops Owl(e), São Tomé Spinetail(e), (São Tomé) Malachite Kingfisher, (Príncipe) White-bellied Kingfisher, Blue-breasted Kingfisher, São Tomé Thrush(e), Príncipe Thrush(e), São Tomé Prinia(e), São Tomé Shorttail(e), Dohrn’s Thrush-Babbler(e) São Tomé Paradise Flycatcher(e), Príncipe Sunbird(e), Newton’s Sunbird(e), Giant Sunbird(e), Black-capped Speirops(e), Príncipe Speirops(e), Príncipe White-eye(e), São Tomé Oriole(e), São Tomé (Newton’s) Fiscal(e), Príncipe Glossy Starling(e), Príncipe Weaver(e), Giant Weaver(e), São Tomé Weaver(e), São Tomé Grosbeak(e), and Príncipe Seedeater(e).

Principe Scenery


What to See in São Tomé and Príncipe

Notable Birds in São Tomé and Príncipe (click species name to see related articles)

  • Black-capped Speirops
  • Blue-breasted Kingfisher
  • Dohrn’s Thrush-Babbler
  • Giant Sunbird
  • Giant Weaver
  • Island Bronze-naped Pigeon
  • Malachite Kingfisher (4)
  • Newton’s Sunbird
  • Príncipe Glossy Starling
  • Príncipe Seedeater
  • Príncipe Speirops
  • Príncipe Sunbird
  • Príncipe Thrush
  • Príncipe Weaver
  • Príncipe White-eye
  • São Tomé Barn Owl
  • São Tomé Fiscal
  • São Tomé Green Pigeon
  • São Tomé Grosbeak
  • São Tomé Ibis
  • São Tomé Olive Pigeon
  • São Tomé Oriole
  • São Tomé Paradise Flycatcher
  • São Tomé Prinia
  • São Tomé Scops Owl
  • São Tomé Shorttail
  • São Tomé Spinetail
  • São Tomé Thrush
  • São Tomé Weaver
  • Timneh Parrot
  • White-bellied Kingfisher
  • White-tailed Tropicbird (1)

    Notable Mammals and Other Wildlife

    Mammals are restricted to bat and marine species.

    Other Attractions

    Where and When to Go

    Nature & Birding Hotspots in São Tomé and Príncipe

    • São Tomé – Mount Carmo
    • Príncipe

    São Tomé and Príncipe Birding and Nature Tours

    São Tomé & Príncipe endemics extension with Rockjumper 

    São Tomé and Príncipe Ecolodges/Accommodations

    Best Time to Go

    June through September are the best months to visit and capitalize on your sight seeing !

    Visit São Tomé and Príncipe

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