Peru Nature

Birding Peru

Diversity rules in Peru, with more than 1982 bird species and 106 endemics, and the country owes its exceptional diversity to the Andes Mountains. The mountain range divides the country into three main geographic regions: the Pacific lowlands, the Andes, and the Amazonian lowlands. Main attractions on the coast include the Many-colored Rush-Tyrant and the endemic Surf Cinclodes, and a look over the bluffs is likely to feature Inca Tern and Humboldt Penguin.

A short distance inland, diversity is especially high in the Andes themselves. Key birds include the massive Andean Condor in the High Andes and the striking Andean Cock-of-the-Rock in the humid montane forests of the eastern foothills.

If you are keen for endemics, don’t miss the northern Peruvian Andes; with 63 endemics, this area is the richest endemic bird area in the world, with prizes such as White-winged Guan and Marañon Crescentchest. If you are a hummingbird lover, you can expect to see more than 50 species in the northern Andes, including the Koepke’s Hermit, Gould’s Jewelfront, and the exquisite Marvelous Spatuletail. In the shadow of the eastern Andean slope lies the sheer abundance of the Amazonian lowlands.

Nearly every lodge in the Amazon basin lists over 600 species for its property. At the famous Amazon clay licks, hundreds of Parrots, Parrotlets, and Macaws meet every morning for their daily dose of minerals. When the Amazon humidity overwhelms you, head for the incomparable 15th century Incan ruins at Machu Picchu, at nearly 8,000 feet in the Andes above Cusco. The Great Sapphirewing, Shining Sunbeam, and Giant Hummingbird will keep you company.  Contributor: Wilson Diaz/Green Tours Operador de Turismo.

What to See in Peru

Notable Birds in Peru (click species name to see related articles)

Notable Mammals and Other Wildlife

  • Brown-throated Three-toed Sloth
  • Linneaus's Two-toed Sloth
  • Hoffmann's Two-toed Sloth
  • Silky Anteater
  • Giant Anteater
  • Northern Tamandua
  • Southern Tamandua
  • Pygmy Marmoset
  • Moustached Tamarin
  • Black-mantled Tamarin
  • White-fronted Capuchin
  • Large-headed Capuchin
  • Black-capped Squirrel Monkey
  • Peruvian Night Monkey
  • Black-headed Night Monkey
  • Brown Titi
  • Chestnut-bellied Titi
  • Monk Saki
  • Mantled Howler
  • Peruvian Spider Monkey
  • Brown Woolly Monkey
  • Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey
  • Short-tailed Chinchilla
  • Guinea Pig
  • Black Agouti
  • Lowland Paca
  • Mountain Paca
  • Colocolo
  • Ocelot
  • Margay
  • Cougar
  • Jaguarundi
  • Jaguar
  • Maned Wolf
  • Guanaco

Other Attractions

  • indigenous cultures
  • Machu Picchu

Where and When to Go

Nature & Birding Hotspots in Peru

  • Villa Carmen Birding Lodge *RECOMMENDED
  • Wayqecha Cloud Forest Birding Lodge *RECOMMENDED
  • Los Amigos Birding Lodge/Biological Station *RECOMMENDED
  • Manu Biosphere Reserve
  • Abra Patricia
  • Abra Malaga
  • Macchu Picchu & Abra Malaga
  • Tambopta Research Center
  • Lake Sandoval

Peru Birding and Nature Tours

Peru Ecolodges/Accommodations

  • Amazon Conservation Birding Lodges: Wayquecha, Villa Carmen, and Los Amigos
  • Inkaterra Machu Picchu Pueblo Hotel

Best Time to Go

Visit Peru

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