Established in 1908 by President Theodore Roosevelt as a “preserve and breeding ground for native birds,” Malheur National Wildlife Refuge in the high desert of southeast Oregon hosts more than 320 bird species — one of Oregon’s highest single-location lists — attracted by its location on the Pacific Flyway and its abundant water and food. Prairie Falcon, Franklin’s Gull, American White Pelican, and Greater Sage-Grouse are among the birds that nest locally, while migrants include Snow Geese, Tundra Swans, and vast numbers of other waterfowl and shorebirds. In winter, the refuge is a concentration point for raptors such as Northern Goshawk, Rough-legged Hawk, and Ferruginous Hawk.
Thanks to the USFWS for providing data and images.
Have you birded this refuge? If so, tell us about it!